Monks in a King's Pleasure Garden [Pupils
Without a Teacher]
Once upon a time, there was a high class rich man who gave up his
wealth and his easy life in the ordinary world. He went to the Himalayan
forests and lived as a homeless holy man. By practicing meditation,
he developed his mind and gained the highest knowledge. Dwelling
in high mental states, he enjoyed great inner happiness and peace
of mind. Before long, he had 500 pupils.
a certain year, when the rainy season was beginning, the pupils
said to their teacher, "Oh wise master, we would like to go
to the places where most people live. We would like to get some
salt and other seasonings and bring them back here."
teacher said, "You have my permission. It would be healthy
for you to do so, and return when the rainy season is over. But
I will stay here and meditate by myself." They knelt down and
paid their farewell respects.
500 pupils went to Benares and began living in the royal pleasure
garden. The next day they collected alms in the villages outside
the city gates. They received generous gifts of food. On the following
day they went inside the city. People gladly gave them food.
a few days, people told the king, "Oh lord king, 500 forest
monks have come from the Himalayas to live in your pleasure garden.
They live in a simple way, without luxuries. They control their
senses and are known to be very good indeed."
such good reports, the king went to visit them. He knelt down and
paid his respects. He invited them to stay in the garden during
the whole four months of the rainy season. They accepted, and from
then on were given their food in the king's palace.
long a certain holiday took place. It was celebrated by drinking
alcohol, which the people thought would bring good luck. The King
of Benares thought, "Good wine is not usually available to
monks who live simply in the forests. I will treat them to some
as a special gift." So he gave the 500 forest monks a large
quantity of the very best tasting wine.
monks were not at all accustomed to alcohol. They drank the king's
wine and walked back to the garden. By the time they got there,
they were completely drunk. Some of them began dancing, while others
sang songs. Usually they put away their bowls and other things neatly.
But this time they just left everything lying around, here and there.
Soon they all passed out into a drunken sleep.
they had slept off their drunkenness, they awoke and saw the messy
condition they'd left everything in. They became sad and said to
each other, 'We have done a bad thing, which is not proper for holy
men like us." Their embarrassment and shame made them weep
with regret. They said, 'We have done these unwholesome things only
because we are away from our holy teacher."
that very moment the 500 forest monks left the pleasure garden and
returned to the Himalayas. When they arrived they put away their
bowls and other belongings neatly, as was their custom. Then they
went to their beloved master and greeted him respectfully.
asked them, Mow are you, my children? Did you find enough food and
lodgings in the city? Were you happy and united?"
replied. "Venerable master, we were happy and united. But we
drank what we were not supposed to drink. We lost all our common
sense and self-control. We danced and sang like silly monkeys. It's
fortunate we didn't turn into monkeys! We drank wine, we danced,
we sang, and in the end we cried from shame."
kind teacher said, "It is easy for things like this to happen
to pupils who have no teacher to guide them. Learn from this: do
not do such things in the future."
then on they lived happily and grew in goodness.
moral is: A pupil without a teacher is easily