others, one has to know the subject thoroughly. It is very important
for one to undergo religious practice. Without having experienced
for oneself, it would be difficult, if not impossible, for one
to instruct others properly.
'It cannot be, Cunda, that one who is sunk in mud can
pull out another who is sunk in mud.' - M.I:
Easy to Teach the Dharma to Others
the Buddha said, 'Truly, Ananda, it is not easy to teach Dharma
to others. In teaching Dharma to others, establish well five
things, and then teach. What five? Teach Dharma to others thinking:
will speak Dharma in a gradual way;
will speak with the goal in mind;
will speak with kindliness;
will not speak as a means of gain;
will speak not to harm anybody.'
Ananda, it is not easy to teach Dharma to others. So, in teaching
Dharma to others, establish well these five things.' -
MIL 183; G.S.III: 136
will Profit from Learning?
these four persons found in the world:
with little learning who does not profit from his learning.
of little learning who does profit from his learning.
of great learning who does not profit from his learning, and
of great learning who does profit from his learning.
- A.II: 5
Way People Understand
- One who learns by taking hints.
- One who understands after learning the full details.
- One who has to be led on by systematic instructions.
- One who just learns by rote. - AM: 135
who comprehends the meaning but is unable to explain it clearly.
who is slow to comprehend the meaning but is able to explain
who has both of the above qualities.
who has neither of them. - A.II: 135
to Answer Questions
to the Buddha, there are four ways of treating questions:
should be answered directly in brief.
should be answered by way of analysing them.
others should be answered by counter-questions.
lastly, there are questions which should be put aside because
there are no answers to certain questions,
or because the questioners are not in a position yet to understand
the answers. - A.II: 45
of a Teacher
Sariputta said, 'When one who teaches wishes to teach another,
let him establish five good qualities and then teach. Let him
will speak at the right time, not at the wrong time.
will speak about what reality is, not about what is not.
will speak with gentleness, not with harshness.
will speak about the goal, not about what is not the goal.
will speak with a mind filled with love, not with a mind filled
with ill-will. - A.III: 195
yourself should make the effort for your salvation,
The Buddha teaches you how to gain it.
Those who enter this Path and who are meditative
Are delivered from suffering.' - Dh: 276
not depend on others for your salvation;
Develop your self-confidence to gain it.' - D.II:
not accept anything out of emotional faith: But one should use
one's common sense and understanding before accepting anything.
- M.II: 170