1. The Buddha The self awakened one. The original nature
of the Heart;
2. The Dhamma The Teaching. The nature of reality;
3. The Sangha a. The Awakened Community. b. Any harmonious
assembly. c. All Beings.
Four Noble Truths
1. The Noble Truth of Dukkha - stress, unsatisfactoriness, suffering;
Noble Truth of the causal arising of Dukkha, which is grasping,
clinging and wanting;
Noble Truth of Nirvana, The ending of Dukkha. Awakening, Enlightenment.
"Mind like fire unbound";
Noble Truth of the Path leading to Nirvana or Awakening.
teachings flow from the Four Noble Truths. Particularly emphasised
in the Theravada.
Four Bodhisattva Vows
1. I vow to
rescue the boundless living beings from suffering; (Link to 1st
2. I vow to put an end to the infinite afflictions of living beings;
(Link to 2nd Truth)
3. I vow to learn the measureless Dharma-doors; (Link to 4th Truth)
4. I vow to realise the unsurpassed path of the Buddha. (Link
to 3th Truth)
of the Mahayana Path, these vows say. 'Whatever the highest perfection
of the human heart-mind may I realise it for the benefit of all
Integral, Complete, Perfected.
1. Right View,
2. Right Attitude, Thought or Emotion;
3. Right Speech;
4. Right Action;
Effort, Energy, and Vitality;
Mindfulness or Awareness;
Samadhi "concentration", one-pointedness. Integration
of, or establishment in, various levels of consciousness.
meanings are given as the original Pali has shades of meaning
not available in one English word.
from killing living beings;
2. Abstain from taking that which not given;
3. Abstain from sexual misconduct;
4. Abstain from false speech;
5. Abstain from distilled substances that confuse the mind. (Alcohol
principle is non-exploitation of yourself or others. The precepts
are the foundation of all Buddhist training. With a developed
ethical base, much of the emotional conflict and stress that we
experience is resolved, allowing commitment and more conscious
choice. Free choice and intention is important. It is "I
undertake" not 'Thou Shalt". Choice, not command.
Five Precepts in positive terms
the training precept to:
1. Act with
2. Be open hearted and generous;
3. Practice stillness, simplicity and contentment;
4. Speak with truth, clarity and peace;
5. Live with mindfulness.
means gone to the other shore, it is the highest development of
each of these qualities.
or Generosity; *
2. Virtue, Ethics, Morality; *
3. Renunciation, letting go, not grasping;
4. Panna or Prajna "Wisdom" insight into
the nature of reality; *
5. Energy, vigour, vitality, diligence; *
6. Patience or forbearance; *
8. Resolution, determination, intention;
9. Kindness, love, friendliness;
* In Mahayana
Buddhism, 6 are emphasised, they are, numbers l., 2., 4., 5.,
6., Samadhi (see Path) & 4.
Four Sublime or Uplifted States
2. Karuna Compassion;
3. Mudita Joy, Gladness. Appreciation of good qualities
4. Upekkha Equanimity, the peaceful unshaken mind.
of these four states develops all of the Ten Paramita.
Five Powers or Spiritual Faculties
2. Energy, Effort;
1. Sense craving;
3. Sloth and Torpor;
4, Restlessness and Worry;
5. Toxic doubt and the ruthless inner critic.
Four bases or Frames of Reference of Mindfulness
of the Body breath, postures, parts;
2. Mindfulness of Feelings, Sensations pleasant, unpleasant
3. Mindfulness of States of Consciousness;
4. Mindfulness of all Phenomena or Objects of Consciousness.
Three Signs of Existence or Universal Properties
2. Dukkha Unsatisfactory, stress inducing;
3. Anatta Insubstantial or Not-self.
and conditioned things, all phenomena are impermanent. Because
of this they give rise to Stress and Affliction and because of
this they are Not-self What we call "self " is a process
not a 'thing".